How to Model a Good Business Decision

Icosystem is often asked how we know what parts of a business to model since a business can be such a complex system.  The answer lies in “emergent behavior”.  Emergent behavior can be understood through a simple example like modeling traffic flow.  Drivers think only about controlling their own car. In the simplest situation, they speed up when the car in front of them moves and slow down when the car in front of them brakes.  Even with these two simple rules, the interaction of cars produces complex traffic jams as shown in the following videos:

Complexity in the Non-Profit Sector: Evaluation

Enormous amounts are invested by foundations each year into the non-profit sector. The traditional model of evaluation of foundation-funded programs is a very linear one:

inputs=>outputs=>outcomes=>impact

 

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